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(Text by Duane R. Hurst © 2013)

God/Goddess and Brief Description:
Abzu   god of fresh water and lover of Tiamat.
Meaning: ab (ocean) zu (to know)
Ananaki deities of ancient Akkadia; Assyria; Babylonia; Sumeria.
Meaning: the fallen ones
Anu god of heaven and kingship; consort of Sin; father of Ishtar. Likewise worshipped in Assyria.
Ashur god of war (Mars); consort of Ishtar
Bel (See Bel Temple) god of magic; son of Enlil; patron of Babylon; aka Bel-Marduk and Marduk
Enlil storm god; son of An and Ki; consort of Ninlil; father of Nanna. Likewise worshipped in Sumeria.
Meaning: en (lord) lil (storm)
Enuma Elish   Babylonian Creation Account (1750 BC)
Ereshkigal goddess of the underworld; first wife of Gugalanna; consort of Nergal
Ishtar ferility (Venus) and mother goddess; daughter of Anu and Sin; consort of Ashur
Marduk god of magic; consort is Sarpanit; son of Enlil; father of Nabu; patron of Babylon; aka Bel and Bel-Marduk
Nabu god of writing; consort is Tashmetum; son of Marduk; represented by Mercury
Nergal god of underworld; consort is Ereshkigal; also represented by Mars
Ninlil goddess; consort of Enlil; mother of Nanna. Likewise worshipped in Sumeria.
Ninurta god of agriculture, storms and war (Saturn); husband of Nintinugga
Nintinugga goddess of healing; consort of Ninurta; similar to Baba of the Akkadians
Sarpanit   mother goddess; consort of Marduk
Meaning: the shining one
Shamash Superior Sun (Saturn) god during period of revival after collapse of the Akkadians and Mari; later adopted by Parthians
Sin Moon goddess; consort of Anu; mother of Ishtar. Likewise worshipped in Assyria.
Tashmetum   consort of Nabu
Meaning: the lady who listens
Tiamat salt water chaos monster and lover of Abzu.
Meaning: ti'amtum (sea)

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