Mari Kingdom      
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(Text by Duane R. Hurst © 2013)

Click on a link to view its information and pictures.
Significant Event:
    Built on Euphrates River

Main Cities: Mari; Urkesh
Time: 2900-1761 BC
Language: Akkadian; Aramaic
Personage: Ebih-II; Yahdun-Lim; Zimri-Lim
Religion: Mari Gods
Related Country: Iraq; Syria

Brief History:
      I have included only a few items concerning the history of this kingdom. A good source for more details can be found on Wikipedia or in history books.

Map of Mari Kingdom
Click Map to Enlarge
      Mari was an ancient town that became a major trading center and independent kingdom on the Euphrates River. Its golden age depended upon trade between Sumeria and various cities in northern Syria, such as Ugarit. This ended with destruction of the city in the mid-24th century BC either from enemies in Ebla or Sargon of Akkad.

      Amorites rebuilt Mari and a second golden age emerged circa 1900 BC. King Zimri-Lim built a 300-room palace, one of the largest in that era. Hammurabi, king of Babylon, destroyed the city in 1759 BC. It remained thereafter a small village, until vanishing from history after the arrival of Greeks under Alexander.

© Page Publisher: Duane R. Hurst