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(Text by Duane R. Hurst © 2013)
Click on a link to view its information and pictures.
Triumph Over Golden Horde
Main Cities: Isfahan;
Time: 1370-1507 AD
Language: Old Persian;
Related Country: Iran;
I have included only a few items concerning the history of this empire. A good source for more details can be
found on Wikipedia or in history books.
Click Map to Enlarge
The Barlas tribe originally was part of Genghis Khan's
army. They settled an area known as Moghulistan (modern
Kazakhstan) and adopted much of the
In 1363 AD, Timur (aka Tamurlane) began a series of conquests.
He envisioned a restoration of the Mongol Empire,
with a twist that he also considered himself to be the "Sword of Islam." Early exploits included subjugation of
Transoxiana, Khwarezmian Empire,
Khorasan, and the
Chagatai Khanate. He likewise captured
Isfahan in 1387 AD and Baghdad
in 1393 AD. Timur then triumphed over the Kingdom of Georgia
and the Golden Horde. He later captured
Smyrna, stronghold of the
His forces later destroyed Baghdad in 1401 AD. The following year Timur won the
Battle of Ankara, routing an army from
Timur was notorious for leaving pyramids of skulls in cities that defied his forces. One such heinous
action occurred after his attack on Delhi in modern
India. Scholars estimate that his armies killed
approximately 17 million people (5% of the world's population). By 1500 AD Timur's empire was divided from
internal strife. He died in 1405 AD. Babur, a descendant of
Genghis Khan, established the Mughal Empire in 1526 AD.