Sao Civilization      
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(Text by Duane R. Hurst © 2013)

Click on a link to view its information and pictures.
Significant Event:
    Skilled in Bronze, Copper and Iron

Main Cities: Towns on Chari River
Time: 500 BC - 1500 AD
Language: Lagwan
Personage: Clan Chiefs
Religion: Animists; Islam
Related Country: Central African Republic; Chad

Brief History:
      I have included only a few items concerning the history of this kingdom. A good source for more details can be found on Wikipedia or in history books.

Map of Sao Civilization
Click Map to Enlarge
      Oral tradition claimed a race of giants (ancestors of the modern Kotoko) moved from eastern lands to the area south of Lake Chad. Their various clans shared a common culture, language, race and religion. They united for security and also settled along the Chari River.

      The Sao were quite skilled in making artifacts from bronze, copper and iron. Numerous small city-states flourished until "Yemenite" invaders eventually conquered the Sao and introduced Islam to the region in the 14th century AD. Expansion of the Bornu Empire quickened an end to Sao culture, which ceased by the 16th century AD.

© Page Publisher: Duane R. Hurst