I have included only a few items concerning the history of this empire. A good source for more details can be
found on Wikipedia or in history books.
Between the 10th and 7th centuries BC, Assyria
dominated the Medes and Persians.
Deioces united Median tribes, ousted the Assyrians and founded the Median Empire.
His grandson, Nebopolassar, expanded the Chaldean Empire (aka Neo-Babylonia)
and destroyed Nineveh in 612 BC.
MEDES/PERSIA: Cyrus the Great unified the Medes and Persians
into what became the Persian Empire. He
conquered the Median Empire, Lydia and
Neo-Babylonia. He failed to invade
Egypt due to his death in battle with the
Massagetae people along the
Syr Darya River on 4 December 530 BC.
The son of Cyrus, Cambyses II, succeeded to the throne
and expanded the Persian Empire.