Early Hittites called the city Wilusa or Truwisa; the
land of Troy was called Ahhiyawa. King Hattusili III of Hattusa
signed a peace treaty with Troy. According to Herodotus,
circa 1900 BC Hittite expansion caused an influx of migrants into western Anatolia.
During the same period, Sea Peoples reportedly destroyed an early Troy, as
they also wrought a wide swath of destruction throughout lands of the Levant.
People rebuilt Troy several times prior to events of the famous Trojan War.
Homer, a poet of ancient
Greece, included a description of the
Trojan Horse in his epic poem, "The Iliad."
Achaeans (Mycenaeans) of northern
Peloponnese eventually razed Troy VII after a long-fought war.
Although war between Troy and Greek city-states allegedly broke out due to Paris kidnapping Helen, a more likely reason
was Greek desire to obtain rich grain lands and control the Dardanelles
trade route. Local people rebuilt Troy on a smaller scale after the fire but the kingdom ended in 1184 BC. The
Roman poet, Virgil, claimed a Trojan hero named
Aeneas escaped Troy's destruction and his descendants
(brothers Romulus and Remus) founded ancient
Troy ceased to be an independent kingdom, but people subsequently rebuilt smaller towns on
the site. Prior to crossing the Hellespont
in 480 BC, king Xerxes I of the
Persian Empire offered a sacrifice