HISTORICAL NOTES: Mycenaean
cities traded with the Minoans on modern
Crete, who exerted a
major influence on the Helladic period of ancient Greece. In contrast to the trade-seeking
Minoans, Mycenaean warriors sought
to conquer other people and seize their wealth. Circa 1400 BC,
a volcano erupted on Thera,
causing tidal waves and earthquakes that devastated many Minoan sites. Opportunistic
Mycenaeans extended control over Minoan territory.
Mycenaeans also attacked Troy, a city-state rival
that controlled a key trade route to the Black Sea.
Other fortress city-states included Argos,
Gla, Iolcos (city-state where the
The Bronze-Age Mycenaean culture collapsed from pressure by Dorian Greeks and resulted
in a Dark Age from 1200 to 750 BC.