Mari was an ancient town that became a major trading center and independent kingdom on the
Euphrates River. Its golden age depended upon
trade between Sumeria and various cities in northern
Syria, such as Ugarit.
This ended with destruction of the city in the mid-24th century BC either from enemies in
Ebla or Sargon of Akkad.
Amorites rebuilt Mari and a second golden age
emerged circa 1900 BC. King Zimri-Lim built a
300-room palace, one of the largest in that era.
Hammurabi, king of Babylon,
destroyed the city in 1759 BC. It remained thereafter a small village, until vanishing from history
after the arrival of Greeks under Alexander.