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Destroyed by Sea People in 1190 BC
Noted for Trade Goods
Main Cities: Ras Shamra;
Ugarit Time: 1600-1190 BC
Personage: Ammittamru I; Niqmaddu II
Religion: Ugarit Gods
Related Country: Syria Brief History:
I have included only a few items concerning the history of this kingdom. A good source for more details can be
found on Wikipedia or in history books.
Click Map to Enlarge
This city-state was an important Mediterranean port and trade entry to ancient empires such as
Hittites and Sumeria.
Trade ships routinely plied the routes between ancient Egypt
and Alashiya (modern Cyprus).
Records from Ebla revealed that Ugarit came under
Egyptian control circa 1800 BC. Its artisans were
noted for ceramics and the city developed an alphabet.
During the Bronze Age reign of King Ammurapi, marauding Sea Peoples
burned the city before Assyrian forces under king Suppiluliuma II
could answer Ammurapi's plea for help.
Radiocardon dating indicates the city was destroyed between 1192 and 1190 BC. Ugarit lay forgotten until a
farmer ploughing his field broke open a buried tomb in 1928 AD. Since then, archeologists discovered
various libraries and Ugaritic literature, including the Baal Cycle (stories about