Kingdom of Petra      
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(Text by Duane R. Hurst © 2013)

Click on a link to view its information and pictures.
Significant Event:
    City Plan of Petra
    Construction of Avdat

Main Cities: Nitzana; Petra
Time: 312 BC - 363 AD
Language: Aramaic; Nabataean
Personage: Aretas III; Obodas I
Religion: Petra Gods
Related Country: Jordan

Brief History:
      I have included only a few items concerning the history of this kingdom. A good source for more details can be found on Wikipedia or in history books.

Map of Petra
Click Map to Enlarge
      Petra was capital of the Nabataean Kingdom (168 BC - 106 AD), which controlled a large trade network. Such centers included Bosra, Mada'in Saleh (aka Hegra) and Shivta. Originally the people were nomads from the Negev Desert. Important trade goods were Frankincense and Myrrh.

      Petra reached its peak under Aretas III (87-62 BC). His forces captured Damascus in 85 BC. They later lost to Roman legions under Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, who besieged Petra. Aretas negotiated a compromise and became a client state. In 106 AD, Emperor Trajan annexed Nabataean to the Roman Empire.

© Page Publisher: Duane R. Hurst