Etruscan Kingdom      
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(Text by Duane R. Hurst © 2013)

Click on a link to view its information and pictures.
Significant Event:
    Etruscan Chariot
    Siege of Rome in 508 BC

Main Cities: Aritim; Clevsin; Veii
Time: 1200-250 BC
Language: Etruscan
Personage: Lucius Tarquinius Superbus; Mezentius
Religion: Etruscan Gods
Related Country: Italy

Brief History:
      I have included only a few items concerning the history of this kingdom. A good source for more details can be found on Wikipedia or in history books.

Map of Etruscan Kingdom
Click Map to Enlarge
      Etruscan cities early gained wealth through commerce in copper and iron. They also clashed with Magna Graecia. The Ionian Greek city-state of Phocaea in modern Turkey particularly caused the Etruscans to ally with Carthage. The Phocaean colonies were located in Catalonia, Corsica and at Massalia. A turning point was the naval battle at Alalia circa 540 or 535 BC. Carthage extended its influence at the expense of the Greeks and Etruscans. Gauls invaded in the 4th century BC and seized control over the northern Adriatic coast and Po Valley.

      Etruscan kings originally ruled in Rome. In the 8th century BC, Rome's first king, Romulus, defeated the Etruscan people of Fidenae. He also successfully defeated Etruscans at Veii. Veii and other cities fought numerous wars with Rome during several centuries. In 509 BC, Romans deposed the last Etruscan-born king, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. The following year, King Lars Porsena of Clevsin (aka Clusium) attacked Rome at Pons Sublicius (bridge over the Tiber river).

In 505 BC, Rome began a series of successful wars against the Sabines. (Circa 750 BC, Romans reportedly seized Sabine Women.) Rome proceeded to annex Etruscan city-states and completed such actions early in the 1st century BC.

© Page Publisher: Duane R. Hurst