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Skilled in Bronze, Copper and Iron
Main Cities: Towns on Chari River Time: 500 BC - 1500 AD
Personage: Clan Chiefs
Religion: Animists; Islam
Related Country: Central African Republic;
Chad Brief History:
I have included only a few items concerning the history of this kingdom. A good source for more details can be
found on Wikipedia or in history books.
Click Map to Enlarge
Oral tradition claimed a race of giants (ancestors of the modern Kotoko) moved from eastern lands to the
area south of Lake Chad. Their
various clans shared a common culture, language, race and religion. They united for security and also
settled along the Chari River.
The Sao were quite skilled in making artifacts from bronze, copper and iron. Numerous small city-states flourished until
"Yemenite" invaders eventually conquered the Sao and introduced
Islam to the region in the 14th century AD.
Expansion of the Bornu Empire quickened an
end to Sao culture, which ceased by the 16th century AD.