Phoenician Empire      
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Click on a link to view its information and pictures.
PHOENICIA LINKS:
Significant Event:
    Developed a simple Alphabet
    Shipbuilding: Innovation of the Bireme

Main Cities: Byblos; Sidon; Tyre
Time: 1250-332 BC
Language: Nesili; Phoenician
Personage: Ahiram; Eshmunazar II
Religion: Phoenician Gods
Related Country: Lebanon

Brief History:
      I have included only a few items concerning the history of this empire. A good source for more details can be found on Wikipedia or in history books.

Map of Phoenician Empire
Click Map to Enlarge
HISTORICAL NOTES:
      Phoenicia became an early commercial empire due to skilled seamanship and ships built from the region's famed cedar trees. Their several city-states likewise founded colonies throughout the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea. The most influential was at ancient Carthage. Conclusive evidence supported ancient records that Phoenician ships sailed beyond Gibraltar and the coast of west Africa.

EFFECT OF SEA PEOPLES INVASION:
      Circa 1200 BC the notorious Sea Peoples invasion undermined Egypt and destroyed the Hittite empire. Conversely, the various Phoenician city-states survived attack and later expanded both commercial influence and territory through colonial settlements. The city-states later fell to conquerors from Persia, Alexander, Ptolemy and Rome.

© Page Publisher: Duane R. Hurst