Numerous German principalities were components of the Holy Roman Empire
(962-1806 AD). During the Thirty Years' War in 1638 AD, Berhard of Saxe-Weimar led a 8,000-man
mercenary army under the pay of France reversed defeat into victory in the battle of
King Frederick II (1740-1786 AD) expanded
Prussian territory and modernized its army. The majority of his wars were
directed at Austria-Hungary, such as the Prussian victory at
Hohenfriedberg in 1745 AD.
On 8 June 1815 AD, the Congress of Vienna created a German Confederation after conclusion of the
EARLY YEARS: Otto von Bismarck, born in the province of
Saxony, served as First Chancellor of Germany in 1871 AD until
Emperor (aka Kaiser) Wilhelm II removed him from office
in 1890 AD. Bismarck effectively ruled Prussia and united the German-speaking states into an Empire
(with the exclusion of Austria).
Bismarck also provoked wars with neighboring nations to achieve German unification.
In 1864 AD, Bismarck launched the Second Schleswig War to reclaim German-speaking territory of
Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
A joint Austrian-Prussian army defeated the Danes in a winter Battle for Konigshugel.
In April 1864 AD, Prussians crushed Danish forces in the Battle of Dybbøl.
Due to Austria breaking an agreement with Prussia over Schleswig-Holstein, Bismarck ordered troops to occupy Holstein.
This precipitated the Austro-Prussian War (14 June - 23 August 1866 AD). On 3 July 1866 AD, Prussia decisively defeated
Austrian forces in the Battle of Königgrätz.
Prussia surprised European states with its quick triumph over Austria, despite an assassin's nearly fatal
attempt on Bismarck's life in Berlin at the start of the war.
German activity in the Middle East, such as building the Baghdad Railway,
helped cement ties between Germany and the Ottoman Empire.
This further agitated British and French
interests in the region and another cause that led to World War I.
French and British international banks, particularly the notorious family of
Rothschild, maneuvered European governments
into another lucrative war for personal gain. Similar selfish elite bankrolled the earlier wars
Battle casualties mounted as both sides used poisonous gas and
modern weaponry, including: airplanes,
submarines and tanks.
Battles engaged massed attacks against machine-guns, such as at Ypres and
Verdun. The Eastern Front
against Russia met with greater success than in France. A major reason
was that Germany collaborated via Rothschild-allied international banker, Max Warburg,
with other conspirators such as Jacob Schiff, J.P. Morgan, Rockefellers and British Roundtable socialists to move gold and
Vladimir Lenin in a sealed train through Germany to
foment the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Their eventual
success led Russia to withdraw from the war.
Stalemate on the Western Front ended when American troops flooded into the trenches. President
Woodrow Wilson reneged on campaign promises and brought
the United States into war against the Central Powers. They assisted
in winning the Battle of the Somme. German civilians and some
military units revolted against their government and the sanguinary war finally ended on 11 November 1918 AD.
Allied nations, particularly Britain and France, ensured that Germany paid onerous war reparations.
They also ended the Ottoman Empire. France seized modern Iraq,
Lebanon and Syria.
Britain grabbed Egypt and the remaining Middle East.
Bulgaria, a minor Central Powers ally, lost some
territory; the Austria-Hungary Empire also was dissolved, with part of its territory becoming modern
Austria and Hungary.
After the war, many states joined the League of Nations, but awake
Americans rejected the European and international banker-sponsored organization. Nevertheless, the usual
scheming elitists set the stage for a second world war by bankrolling and otherwise assisting the rise to
power of Adolf Hitler in Germany.