The city of Akkad likely was near the confluence of the Tigris
and Diyala rivers, possibly at modern Qadisiyeh. According to
legend, armies from Lagash and
Umma fought a 100-years war for dominance of
lush valley lands. However, Akkadian soldiers
later dominated the other city-states.
Akkad originally had a close relationship with the
Sumerian empire until Akkad gained prominence
when Sargon (1334-2279 BC) founded the Akkadian Empire.
Sargon (Sharru-kin) meant "legitimate king" and probably was a title he took after conquering
Lugal-Zage-Si in the Battle of
Uruk in 2271 BC.
This resulted in Sargon seizing Sumeria. Some historians claimed Akkad formed the first empire,
although others maintained that cities in Sumeria were started earlier.
Naram-Sin (2254-2218 BC) expanded the empire and was
known as "king of the four quarters" (king of the world). He launched campaigns against foes in
Ebla and the Zagros Mountains
(the Gutians and Lulubi). Gutians
destroyed Akkadian power in 2154 BC. After the collapse of Akkad,
two major powers emerged in the region; they were Babylon